Some other enzymes like expeptidases remove some of the amino acids either from N-terminal end or descrobe C-terminal end or from both ends of the polypeptide chain. As a result, the base sequence of the mRNA molecule is complementary to that of the antisense strand which served as it template. Eukaryotes utilize many more initiation factors than do prokaryotes, and their interplay is much more intricate.
Each amino acid has its own distinct aminoacyl tRNA-synthetase, and some amino acids may prpkaryotes more than one activating enzyme. As has been pointed out, mRNA determines the sequence of amino acids in the polypeptide chain which in turn is determined by sequence of nucleotides in DNA gene. DNA molecules provide the information for their own replication. Both the reactions are catalysed by the same enzyme, aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase. Eukaryotic ribosomes 80S are larger than prokaryotic ribosomes 70S.In this article we will discuss about the Mechanism of Protein Synthesis in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes. Protein synthesis in the cell is conducted by ribosomes. In this lesson, we'll review what prokaryotes are first. Then, we'll explain the steps and process of protein synthesis in prokaryotes and discover. Prokaryotic translation is the process by which messenger RNA is translated into proteins in Variations in the mechanism can be anticipated. and rejecting incorrect aminoacyl-tRNA molecules takes time and slows protein synthesis.Initiation · Elongation · Recycling · Regulation of translation.